Thanks to UNICEF Special Representative Sebastião Salgado for his commitment to the cause of polio eradication and generous donation of photographs to this site.

Thanks to the Canadian International Development Agency (Canadian Government) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US Government) for funding support for this web site.

All photographs © Sebastião Salgado/Amazonas Images

with the exception of designated photographs in the 'History of polio' section, credited below.

This site was designed by PixelPress. (

Director: Fred Ritchin
Designer: Emily Bahna
Design Consultant: Zohar Nir-Amitin
Managing Editor: Ambreen Qureshi
Editorial Assistance: Laetitia Kouassi, Alice Proujansky

Editorial production and oversight by UNICEF in collaboration with WHO.

Producer & Editor: Ellen Tolmie
Writer: Mark Dennis
Photography researcher (History of polio): Lisa Adelsen
Editorial oversight: Siddharth Dube and Denise Searle

Technical Editor: Christine McNab

Supporters and Advisors:

Amazonas Images:
Lèlia Wanick Salgado, Françoise Piffard, Marcia Mariano, Dominique Granier

Communication: Marjorie Newman-Williams, Tanya Accone, Elizabeth Barrie, Tamara Bifidi, Marc Chalamet, Olga Chambers, Mohammad Jalloh, Jan Mun, Shehzad Noorani, Carlos Perellon, Nicole Toutounji
Programme: Maritel Costales, Edward Hoekstra, Dennis King, Carl Tintsman
Supply: Shanelle Hall, Stephen Jarrett
Country Offices: UNICEF Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Operation Lifeline Sudan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Somalia.

Communication: Claudia Drake
Technical: Bruce Aylward, Jonathon Veitch, Jeff Partridge
Country Offices: WHO Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan, Somalia, South East Asia Regional, and Sudan

Rotary International:
Communication: Viviane Fiore
Technical: John Severs

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Communication: Steven Stewart
Technical: Robert Keegan

Democratic Republic of Congo, India, Pakistan, Sudan and Somalia

History of polio photography credits:

All photographs © as indicated:
I - Endemic polio – WHO/21618/March of Dimes
II - Vaccine breakthrough
III - Push for eradication
Sebastião Salgado/Amazonas Images

1 - 1580BC
1350BC WHO
2 - 1796
Thomas Cooper Library, University of South Carolina
3 - 1909
4 - 1916
Lewis H. Hines, Courtesy George Eastman House
5 - 1921
Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
6 - 1938
March of Dimes
7 - 1943-1950
UNICEF/UNRRA1663/Norman Weaver
8 - 1952
WHO/21618/March of Dimes
9 - 1952
10 - 1954-1957
11 - 1954
March of Dimes
12 - 1959
CDC/Stafford Smith
13 - 1960-1977
UN photo + UNICEF/ICEF6293/Alastair Matheson
14 - 1980
WHO/J.F. Wickett
15 - 1985
UNICEF/HQ01-0011/Giacomo Pirozzi
16 - 1985
17 - 1988
UNICEF/HQ91-0293/Mainichi Shimbun/Asabe
18 - 1990
UNICEF/HQ91-0902/Roger Lemoyne
19 - 1994
PAHO/Armando Waak
20 - 1995
21 - 1996
UNICEF/HQ01- 0126/Roger Lemoyne
22 -1997-1998
UNICEF/HQ99-0596/Giacomo Pirozzi
23 - 1999
WHO/Marcel Crozet
24 - 2000
UNICEF/HQ91-0918/Roger Lemoyne
25 - 2001
Sebastião Salgado/Amazonas Images

Site design © PixelPress 2002

This site and all content on it, with the exception of materials specifically designated as copyrighted by others, is
© UNICEF 2002 [on behalf of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative]

© Sebastião Salgado

India, 2001
A boy, paralyzed by polio, is prepared for corrective surgery to help straighten his atrophied muscles. Doctors and other health workers periodically donate their services to help polio-afflicted children and others who cannot afford medical care.